Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Native American Cultural Assimilation Essay - 3830 Words

Native American Cultural Assimilation from the Colonial Period to the Progressive October 2, 2011 Introduction Although the first European settlers in America could not have survived without their assistance, it was not long before the Native Americans were viewed as a problem population. They were an obstacle to the expansion plans of the colonial government and the same to the newly formed United States. The Native Americans were dealt with in various ways. During expansion some were outright exterminated through war while others forcibly made to relocate to lands deemed less than ideal. The idea was to make them vanish – out of sight, out of mind. Though their numbers in terms of population and tribal groups†¦show more content†¦As the eighteenth-century came to a close and the major players in expansion had changed, policy toward Native Americans stayed essentially the same it had been under the British. Early in the nineteenth-century and the Louisiana Purchase in hand,†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ (Thomas) Jefferson, much as he struggled with the issue (Indian policy), coul d simply not envision a future for the United States that included a place for ‘Indians as Indians.’ As president, Jefferson tried to design an Indian policy that would humanely assimilate Native Americans into the new republic, but his vision of national expansion turned out not to have any room for Native Americans.†[4] Those who refused or resisted assimilation would be forcibly pushed westward to lands deemed unfit for anything by most Americans.[5] As expansion increased further West, the Native Americans faced another subtle weapon in addition to religion from the government in its attempt to subdue them – American-style education. Years of violence, forced removal to Indian Territory and forced religious indoctrination had failed to solve what the federal government referred to as â€Å"the Indian problem.†[6] the Native Americans may not have flourished in their new land, but they survived and would not go away. As a result, American po licy shifted fromShow MoreRelatedNative Americans and Cultural Assimilation Essays1934 Words   |  8 PagesNative Americans have had a long history of resistance to the social and cultural assimilation into white culture. By employing various creative strategies, Native Americans have attempted to cope with the changes stemming from the European colonial movement into the Americas. There are fundamental differences in world views and cultural and social orders between Indians and Europeans, which contributed to conservatism in Native American cultures. In this paper, two aspects of such cultural and institutionalRead MoreMahatma Ghandi, An Indian Philosopher1424 Words   |  6 Pagesprovided displays such a stance, in regards to cultural distortion, as a result of globalization. Mahatma Ghandi, an Indian philosopher, states, â€Å"I do not want my house to be walled in on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all lands to be blown about my house as freel y as possible. But I refuse to be blown off my feet by any.† Acculturation is looked upon favourably by the speaker; he attempts to communicate how cultural exchange is a wonderful opportunity, where isolationRead MoreCultural Pluralism : As Educators What Pluralistic Perspective Do841 Words   |  4 PagesCultural Pluralism: As educators what pluralistic perspective do we use to motivate and encourage our students to learn in a classroom environment of other ethnic groups? Every teacher has a different teaching style. Identifying the best model of excellence in a pluralistic curriculum will increase good results in student achievement. Building Cultural Connections: †¢ Recognize Customs, Culture, and Religion †¢ Knowing and learning other cultural practices †¢ Knowing and understanding the differencesRead MoreThe Issue Of Immigration Has Been On The Forefront Major Debates1684 Words   |  7 Pagesstimulating topics of discussion. Often when discussing immigration the question of assimilation also arises and whether or not immigrants are truly doing so. Since the beginning of this country, immigrants and even natives of the land have been pressured to assimilate to â€Å"American† Culture and to commit to its standards. When a group of people fail to assimilate to these standards, they encounter critics. The Native Americans, who wanted to preserve their traditions and values, had their children takenRead MoreReservation Blues By Sherman Alexie1256 Words   |  6 PagesReservation Blues explores the lives of some Native Americans who wrestled with cultural, racial, and religious barriers to embrace the rest of the country. The story reflects the process of racial and cultural integration the country has been going through since its inception, revealing an underlying struggle by the minority groups in the country to become part of the Americans culture that is often dominated by the majority white population. The process of assimilation occurs across all the different groupsRead MoreA Classroom Environment Of Other Ethnic Groups807 Words   |  4 Pagesof other ethnic groups? Every teacher has a different teaching style. Identifying the best model of excellence in a pluralistic curriculum will increase good results in student achievement. Building Cultural Connections: †¢ Recognize Customs, Culture, and Religion †¢ Knowing and learning other cultural practices †¢ Knowing and understanding the differences and similarities of beliefs Barbara T. Bowman, Vice President of Academic Programs at the Erikson Institute in Chicago, Illinois, expresses the challengeRead MoreAfrican Americans And The Native Americans1639 Words   |  7 PagesThe history of the Native Americans and the white colonist that would become the United States of America have always been a disaster for the Native Americans. The land greed of the whites had driven the tribes of the East west, and destroyed the culture of the Midwestern Plains tribes. Near constant war with the Native American finally appeared to come to a peaceful solution. The Native Americans resisted the American way of life because they did not understand it, education was the key to civilizingRead MorePast, Present, Future: American Indians and Latino Americans1480 Words   |  6 Pagespeople of different backgrounds. American Indians are a group that will has an interesting set of challenges because they are a minority in the United States that did not emigrate from another country, but were essentially victims of American Manifest Destiny. Am erican Indians have gone through a lot of hardship in this country and continue to struggle with modern day America as they try to uphold their proud traditions. On the other hand Latinos deal with assimilation and mass in group segregationRead MoreThe Absolutely True Diary Of A Part Time Indian And The Film Crooked Arrows Directed By Steve Rash977 Words   |  4 Pagesinstitution for educating children, Cultural Assimilation: The process by which a person or a group’s language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group. In Sherman Alexie’s The absolutely true diary of a part-time Indian and the movie Crooked Arrows directed by Steve Rash, both touch on the topic of school and cultural assimilation. Based off these sources we are able to see how Native American culture is looked at while trying to appeal to the Euro- American standards of what’s acceptableRead MoreThe Word Assimilation785 Words   |  4 PagesThe word assimilation has many differen t meanings. Its interpretations range from the digesting of nutrients to the transfer of similar sounds. However, when sifting through the various definitions of assimilation, there is one concept that always seems to stand out. No matter what the source is or how it’s worded, there is almost always a reference to cultural groups. Whether it’s the acceptance of a group or the alteration of it, the customs of contrasting cultures continuously come up. One such

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

The Importance Of Being A Community Engagement Intern

Introduction For the fall semester, I have the privilege of being a community engagement intern for the Office of the Attorney General for the District of Columbia. My supervisor, Lateefah Williams—is the community engagement specialist whose main goal is to create a liaison with the Attorney General and the constituents of Washington D.C. As an intern, my main role is assisting Ms. Williams on programs that educate the constituents on issues that affect the community, administrative tasks, and the implementation of future events within the district. I started my internship towards the end of September for the sole purposes of comprehending the advocacy, awareness, and diligence that goes into building ties within the community. II A) Diversification- Being in an environment with intelligent, talented, experienced, and diverse professionals has allowed me to understand the beauracatric work that goes behind the Office of the Attorney General. There are numerous divisions within the department, such as the Office of Consumer Protection, Public Safety Division, Family Service Division, Public Interest Division, Civil Litigation Division, Commercial Division, Office of the Solicitor General, Child Support Services Division, Personnel, Labor, and Employment Division, Legal Counsel Division, and Support Services Division. Depending on the department, tasks could vary from giving legal advice to families to aiding children in abusive or neglected homes. These various departmentsShow MoreRelatedThe Pack Internship Grant Program986 Words   |  4 Pagescontinuing to develop as an individual to become successful in life. For example, I was selected as an art intern for the Summer Business Institute Program in Summer 2 014. Throughout the eight weeks of exploring to arts, I had an opportunity to work with a team of artists to create a mural and an art piece for two local community centers in Las Vegas as well as organizing a civil engagement project for a neighborhood that have families who are in need of financial aid. As a result, we were thankedRead MoreEvaluation Of A Executive Director1134 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction As Executive Director, I will provide staff leadership for Better Health Association. Our goal for the company is to improve the well-being of individuals. Audiences of all ages will be able to take part in learning about living a healthy lifestyle and developing the skills needed to make healthy choices to prevent diseases and ameliorate conditions for those already afflicted with illnesses. Over the course of the following year, it is my responsibility to develop and lead the staffRead MoreLinda Cliatt Wayman Is A Poverty Stricken And Crime Ridden North Philadelphia High School1101 Words   |  5 Pagesschool as a â€Å"real school†. I related to this student’s frustration as a young girl in the Philippines. I had the opportunity to experience a challenging and at times tumultuous education system in Quezon City, an overpopulated city in the Philippines. Being poor placed constraints in both the students who wanted to pursue a proper education and on the academic in stitutions that provided them. Public school classrooms were overcrowded and dropout rates were at an all time high. Poverty stricken childrenRead MoreA Young Woman Attends A Sexual Morality Conference Essay769 Words   |  4 PagesI want to be a rabbi,† she said. â€Å"So I want to promote a better cultural understanding within religion.† Kayla Symonds, a sophomore religion and cultural studies major at UCF, is the president of BAGELS+, a club for Jewish members of the LGBTQ+ community. BAGELS+ (an acronym for Bisexual, Asexual, Gay, Exploring and Lesbian Students) is a part of Central Florida Hillel, a Jewish cultural center for college students in the Central Florida area. As president of BAGELS+, Symonds plans events such asRead MorePersonal Reflection1209 Words   |  5 Pagesprevent gang related crimes and help youth â€Å"change their life around†, as Emily mentioned. This program was created in collaboration with the local Police Department and the Mount Diablo Unified School District and in partnership with several other community resources and school social workers. In regards to the her professional background, Emily shared that she has a degree in Sociology and Feminist Studies and that she plans to obtain a Master of Social Work degree in the future. Emily also studiedRead MoreDiversity Of Thought And What A Person Looks Like Essay1238 Words   |  5 Pagestheir perceptions and experiences. Diversity of thought is a process that involves how individuals think and formulate resolutions to challenges faced by their respective companies. â€Å"Looking diverse† is not enough. TCCC must make a commitment to being attentive by applying corrective action where it it needed and redefining their approach to diversity recruitment. This includes embracing non-traditional attitudes and increasing global interactions. 4.3 Programs Happi-ness Hour The goal of theseRead MoreEssay On Social Media1402 Words   |  6 PagesCurrently, Playworks DC has four social media platforms we post to including Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and Youtube. As a social media intern, you’re responsible for posting consistent play related content. If you take a look at past posts, you can see the language we use. We like to keep our messaging playful, informative, and impactful. When posting content, it’s always best to have a graphic posted alongside it. When creating content with quotes or text added to graphic, we use CanvaRead MoreLeading Biotechnology Company: Genentech Essay1617 Words   |  7 Pagesplace to work† (Nelson Quick, 2010, p. 250). Taking the initiative to recognize what’s good and bad with the company is crucial to growing with employees, customers, and the community. Thus, how can we relate the Yerkes-Dodson law from Chapter 7 to the impact of Genentech’s programs that are aimed at enhancing employee well-being? According to Nelson and Quick the Yerkes-Dodson law is characterized by the idea that optimum stress leads to increased work performance (p.112). The law explains that aRead MoreGraduation Speech : An American Born Cambodian994 Words   |  4 Pagesperformance in college has changed since attending high school. In high school, I was not as motivated to excel in school work and simply wanted to complete all of my assignments. In college, my determination and drive has risen within myself due to being on campus when I need to whereas in high school, I stayed on campus for at least six hours a day. I am inspired by the professors here and subject contents relevant to my major interest, Operations of Supply Chain Management. This has led me to takeRead MorePersonal Statement : Becoming A Leader1220 Words   |  5 PagesAmidst the gr ief of the moment, I struggled to grasp ahold of my abilities, and thoughts, resisting the urge to scream at the universe and engage my right to squander in my grief. In reality, I was the youngest sibling, holding the accountability of being an active leader. This was not your everyday decision making process, it was the planning of burial arrangements after the loss of our mother. Rapidly, decoding through the streams of my emotions, I collected my strength and continued with the process

Monday, December 9, 2019

Public Health and Communicable Disease Control-myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about thePublic Health and Communicable Disease Control. Answer: Public health surveillance is the systematic and continuous process of collecting, analysing and interpreting health-related data from the population since such data is needed to plan and implement public health practices. Surveillance might be active or passive and depends on the manner in which data collection is done. Passive surveillance gathers data from reporting health care workers wherein criteria are preestablished. In case of active surveillance, criteria are also established, but the researchers responsible for maintaining the surveillance system is to do the reporting (Baum 2016). Passive surveillance is the most common form of the surveillance system. However, such a survellieence has certain flaws since it is not complete and the vulnerability to such incompleteness is noteworthy. The reason is that health workers are not optimally motivated to report maximal data. In contrast, active surveillance is substantially more time-consuming. Nevertheless, it is more complete when compared to passive surveillance (Brownson et al. 2017). Sarti et al. (2016) point out that it is easier to conduct passive surveillance and there is less burden on the reporter once there is the establishment of the procedure. On the other hand, active surveillance has a major disadvantage of using a wide range of resources. This makes it limited to a certain time frame. In addition, passive surveillance systems have the limitation that physicians do not report cases certain diseases and are conscious of breaching patient confidentiality. Reports timelessness if also affected by the delay faced in getting results of laboratory tests. Further, bringing developments in an active surveillance system is challenging, and negligible new forms of the system have emerged. References Baum, F., 2016.The new public health(No. Ed. 4). Oxford University Press. Brownson, R.C., Baker, E.A., Deshpande, A.D. and Gillespie, K.N., 2017.Evidence-based public health. Oxford University Press. Sarti, E., LAzou, M., Mercado, M., Kuri, P., Siqueira, J.B., Solis, E., Noriega, F. and Ochiai, R.L., 2016. A comparative study on active and passive epidemiological surveillance for dengue in five countries of Latin America.International Journal of Infectious Diseases,44, pp.44-49.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Spiritual Growth Essay Example

Spiritual Growth Essay People are born into a world in which there are some objects and processes which are to them fully understandable and others that are not. When man releases his hold on a stone which he has held in his hand and it falls to the ground, the result is always the same, and there is nothing to excite any feeling of dependence on unknown forces. Birth, however, and growth and sexual relations and death and success in fishing or hunting and agriculture are all matters in which man is not his own master and appears to be dealing with something uncanny. This distinction is fundamental, and we can observe it in the behaviour of animals. Where man differs from the animals so far as we yet know is that throughout as much of his evolution as is known to us he has normally not remained supine but has striven to take a positive attitude and assume a definite line of conduct towards these mysteries.To be converted, to be regenerated, to receive grace, to experience religion, to gain an assurance, are so many phrases which denote the process, gradual or sudden, by which a self hitherto divided, and consciously wrong inferior and unhappy, becomes unified and consciously right superior and happy, in consequence of its firmer hold upon religious realities. This at least is what conversion signifies in general terms, whether or not we believe that a direct divine operation is needed to bring such a moral change about (Cohen 65).Conversion is neither the time of disbelief nor the time of belief. It is the passage between them; this is why some specialists prefer to speak of converting instead of conversion (Rambo and Farhadian 1999). Conversion is the moment when one ceases to disbelieve and starts to believe. There can be oscillations between belief and disbelief, but there cannot be any coexistence of both. It is a consequence of the principle of non contradiction: one may believe in God and not believe in the Holy Trinity, but one cannot both believe in God and not believe in H im at the same time, since this would contradict the very idea of believing in something. Conversion is therefore a punctual event, and not a durative one.As Christian conversion transforms an initial global commitment of religious faith into a psychologically responsible, intuitive perception of the future, Christian conversion infuses into human experience the theological virtue of hope. As Christian conversion transforms an initial global faith into the intuitive and inferential beliefs which intellectual conversion renders methodologically responsible, Christian conversion infuses into human experience the theological virtue of faith.Initial conversion begins with initial repentance. Initial repentance engages the heart. One repents initially by facing conscious and unconscious negative emotions which blind one to the excellence incarnate in Jesus and in people whose lives resemble His. By negative emotions, I mean shame, guilt, fear, rage, despair. As one brings such negative e motions to healing through conscious ego-integration, the positive emotions have more scope to play. By the positive emotions I mean love, affection, friendship, sympathy, aesthetic sensitivity.One converts initially as a Christian when one acknowledges in Jesus the human embodiment of divine excellence. The beauty of His life makes one desire to follow Him. Christian conversion culminates, then, in a life of discipleship; and the practical, moral demands of discipleship require the conscience to submit to the religious norms and ideals which Jesus embodied and proclaimed. In other words, repentance and practical commitment to Jesus in faith describe the first dynamic of Christian conversion.The first dynamic of Christian conversion exemplifies faith in the broadest sense of that term. We call such faith justifying because it initially rectifies the conscience and puts one in an obediential relationship to a self-revealing God. Justifying faith opens the whole of the person to the t ransforming action of the divine Breath. It therefore requires the subsequent transvaluation through ongoing conversion of the four natural, or secular, forms of conversion: namely, affective, intellectual, personal moral, and socio-political conversion. In transvaluing the other forms of conversion, Christian practice demands, as we have also seen elsewhere, practical progress in hope, faith, charity, and the Christian search for social justice. I have called the religious awareness which results from the ongoing transvaluation of the four natural forms of conversion â€Å"Christological knowing† because it assimilates one to Jesus in the power of His Breath.Logic of ConversionEvery religious conversion contains a language. The way in which people change and represent their spiritual evolution is often determined by recurrent structures. A foundational analysis of the gracing of the natural forms of conversion discovers an intuitive, passionate element in theological hope, i n theological faith, and in theological love. Hope dwells primarily at an affective level. Theological hope heals, perfects, and elevates natural human hopes by making God their future and by insuring that humans hope for the same realities which God does. The God revealed in Jesus, however, wills the establishment of His reign on earth as in heaven through the creation of faith-filled communities of sharing, mutual forgiveness, and worship. Inevitably, then Christian hope embodies a deeply affective perception of ones interpersonal relationship with God and with other persons. It therefore qualifies as a passion. Because it comes from God and leads to God, Christian hope also qualifies as a theological passion. The theological passion of hope motivates the graced acts of hope which infuse the theological virtue of hope.Christian faith too has a passionate dimension. In my own case, conversion began by attending Christian churches. Even before conversion I experienced great pleasure in finding myself in a church of the Christian religion. Not habit, therefore, but the pleasure of forming the habit, began the conversional process. It can be easily understood that participation in the sacraments, and the performance of the simple ceremonies which belong to the cult, assist in producing a complete conversion, and once the conversion is effected, strengthen it powerfully, as in my case, and many other converts.Theological faith heals, perfects, and elevates me by conforming to the normative historical revelation of God which we have received in Christ Jesus and in His illuminating Breath. Belief, however, comes in two forms: intuition and inference. Intuitive beliefs engage human affective perceptions and judgment. Because Christian faith believes in a tri-personal God and in the human community of faith which proceeds from the historical revelation of that God, like hope faith grasps and grapples with affectively complex interpersonal relationships. As the affect ive grasp of interpersonal relationships, faith, like hope, qualifies as a passion. Its focus on divine things makes it theological. The theological passion of faith motivates the graced acts of faith which infuse the theological virtue of faith (Leone 2003).The theological virtue of charity also engages my heart. Hypothetical thinking engages the intuitive mind; but deductive and inductive inference proceed dispassionately according to the rules of logic, even though rational thought never loses affective connotations. All other forms of human knowing engage the imagination and the affections directly. When we love other persons we perceive them with affective benevolence and act toward them in ways which embody that benevolence. Christian love finds its motive and ultimate object in God and in those persons whom God loves. The God of Jesus Christ loves with an all-encompassing universal benevolence. As the affective perception of human interpersonal relationships, Christian love c ounts as a human passion. Its focus on God makes it into a theological passion. The theological passion of love motivates the graced acts of love which infuse the theological virtue of charity.By committing my heart to the practical establishment of Gods reign on earth, my Christian hope mounts a frontal assault on the causes of despair: pain, frustration, failure, oppression. It inserts those tempted to despair into a healing community of hope. When personal hopes dwindle, the shared hopes and longings of the Christian community have the power to nurture hope and longing in the despondent. Despair stifles the imagination. Christian hope, by contrast challenges the human imagination to allow Gods Breath to expand it to embrace the dawning reality of our future in Christ.Finally, Christian hope universalizes the natural aspirations of my heart by teaching it to hope the best for all people. Left to its own resources, natural hopes content themselves with wishing only ones own well. N atural hopes ordinarily leave out enemies, aliens, and strangers.As Christian I see myself and others truly when I view both with Jesus own compassionate eyes. We see one another truly when we forgive one another with the forgiveness of Christ. That forgiveness recognizes in every human person the capacity to repent of past sins and failings. Graced repentance creates a new capacity to live for and in God and to serve others in Jesus image. As a consequence, Christian faith will not tolerate the hypocritical rationalization of sin, injustice, and immorality. My Christian love heals all the other passionate disorders by expanding my heart to embrace the triune God and the entire human family. Christian love also replaces all seven deadly sins with charitable benevolence toward all.Jesus loved not just theoretically but practically. Christian love begins with practical concern to meet the basic physical needs of all people. It creates a community of sharing in which the least members of human society receive the greatest care, concern, and honor and in which the great and powerful serve the rest. The synoptic gospels, which best preserve Jesus proclamation of the kingdom, all testify to these practical demands of Christian love.Charity heals hatred through forgiveness in the name and image of Jesus. While hatred divides people from one another and encourages violence by destroying communication among enemies, the practical demands of Christian love reconcile enemies and teach them to love one another. Reconciliation teaches me to look for the best in people rather personal conversion to Christ.The Holy Christian ChurchThe Church is the earthly family of God, the place where the fact of the universal divine Fatherhood is recognized and where there is made at all events a sustained effort to carry out its implications. Where there is fatherhood there must be the family. Only by sharing in the life of the family is it possible to have fellowship with the father. Th e Fatherhood of God implies the brotherhood of man.It is not possible to love the Father acceptably while in a state of chronic estrangement from the brethren. When God calls us to Himself He calls us at the same time to each other. That God has created a Church for men to belong to is an essential part of the gospel. Belief in the reality of a Church, a world-wide fellowship of the faithful, created by God the Son and indwelt by the Holy Spirit for the Fathers Glory, is an essential article of the Christian Faith, and hence the Creed boldly sets it side by side with belief in God Himself as a matter of comparable importance. We believe in the divine Fatherhood and the human brotherhood. Without the belief in the Fatherhood, faith in the brotherhood would be sheer nonsense. Where the brotherhood is not acknowledged both in theory and practice, the reality of the divine Fatherhood is by implication denied. Where there is no churchmanship there is no true Christianity.There is, of cou rse, a sense in which it is true to say that God is the Father of all men, churchmen and nonchurchmen alike. Gods attitude towards all men is certainly paternal but the attitude of men to God is far from being perfectly filial. The perfect Son is the eternal Son and we can only become true sons of God by learning what perfect sonship means from Christ, by sharing increasingly His attitude towards the Eternal Father and His unity with the Eternal Father. It is in that state of unity with Christ, and with each other for His sake, which we call the Church that the sons are reconciled to the Father and begin to live again their family life with Him.The Church is described in the Bible as the Body of Christ. It is the visible agent which He now employs to make known His presence and carry on His work. It is, indeed, a kind of diffusion and extension of the Incarnation, so that, in and through the Church, Christ still continues to live an earthly life. The Church is thus not a mundane ass ociation of like-minded human beings, united by a common admiration for the personality of Jesus and a common reverence for His teaching. No early Christian ever said or thought that the life of Jesus was such a superbly good thing that the world must never be allowed to forget it, and that those who had known Him ought to form a society, to be known as the Church, for perpetuating His memory. Christ gave the Church to men. It is not a human contrivance. The Church was designed by God for our salvation. It was not created by men as an ingenious way of giving Him glory. Churchmanship is not therefore a superfluous excellence, one way among many of serving God on earth, and perhaps the best way for those disposed by temperament to enjoy participation in its mode of life. Membership of the Church, on the contrary, is a universal human duty, and to turn deliberately away from it is to spurn Gods gift, to disobey His will and to frustrate His purpose. Because churchmanship is a duty, non -churchmanship is a sin.Moral and Ethical GrowthIn living fellowship with Christ the natural powers of the regenerate are put at His disposal, whereby there is produced a life akin to His perfection and blessedness; and this is the state of Sanctification (Mackintosh 505).Sanctification as an effect of the Spirit is already implicit in the modifier â€Å"Holy.† The texts in which Paul speaks of this effect of the Spirit are many. â€Å"God chose you from the beginning to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth† (Dabney 36). Although sanctification radically means consecration, a once for all setting aside of a thing or a person for Gods service, it also has in Paul a strong ethical sense, as can be see from 1 Thes 4:1–8, where Paul says, â€Å"This is the will of God, your sanctification,† and then goes on to define it in terms of sexual morality, concluding: â€Å"God has not called us to uncleanness, but holiness. Therefo re whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.† The present tense â€Å"gives† is significant. God is constantly giving the Holy Spirit to the believer, just as living water, image of the Spirit, is constantly flowing. The ethical demands and power of the Spirit are elaborated in great detail in Romans 8:1–13, Pauls favorite contrast of the flesh and the spirit, as in Gal 5:16–25, where he pits the fruit (singular) of the Spirit against the works (plural) of the flesh.The retention of the term sanctification is justified because it is scriptural. But as it depends on a rather indefinite concept of the holy, a concept which divergent interpretations and usages have made yet more intricate, a still further exposition is necessary if it is to be used in Dogmatics. The first etymological consideration that has to be taken into account is the Old Testament use of the word for everything separated from ordinary social l ife and devoted to some use relating to God. This relation to God, however, makes no difference in any activity due to an impulse proceeding from Christ; for since it is produced by the absolutely powerful God-consciousness of Christ, it of itself includes severance from participation in the common sinful life. And fellowship being essential to human nature, this of itself supplies a basis fork an active tendency to a new common life; just as, owing to its Old Testament use noted above, the expression carries with it the priestly dignity of all Christians and represents the new common life as a spiritual temple. So that the state of sanctification too may be regarded as service in this temple.The second consideration is the connexion of the term with holiness as a Divine attribute; for of course we hold by the interpretation of this given above. It is, however, also clear that the regenerate man, through the manner of life, develops a conscience also in others, in proportion as all his activities diverge from what happens in the common sinful life.In both its aspects, however, we cannot call this condition holiness—that is, being holy—but sanctification, which means becoming holy, sanctifying oneself; which we call sanctification, because it is a striving for holiness. If the meaning were being holy, it would imply that a complete transformation had occurred at the moment of regeneration, every link with the sinful common life entirely ceasing, and the whole nature being completely and instantaneously penetrated by the life of Christ and brought under His sway.The Godward ImpulsePrayer and worship, based on and guided by the conviction that God has revealed His Nature and Purpose in Jesus Christ, are thus the essential characteristics of the Christian life. Few words are more completely misunderstood than the familiar word prayer. It is conventionally interpreted as though it meant a kind of spiritual bombardment of the Deity with a series of sel finterested human requests, slackening somewhat during those periods when life is more or less kind to us and growing more urgent whenever she frowns. All this is mere caricature. Prayer has been better described as the ascent of the mind to God; it is an offering of the self to God, the spreading out before Him of the whole content of the conscious mind, the submission of the disordered human will, confused and weakened by the endless conflict of opposite motives and mutually exclusive desires, to the perfect will of God.The underlying psychological and spiritual urge which has impelled men of all religions and all stages of mental development and civilization to prayer is the human longing to be completely known and perfectly understood. The same urge makes the anxious man open his heart to his friend, directs the neurotic to the consulting room of the psycho-analyst and prompts the penitent to seek absolution from his confessor. But the longing which each of these valuable and ef fective expedients can satisfy to a certain extent is completely set at rest only in communion with God, only when the long persevering life of prayer culminates in final vision.Who really knows me through and through? It is a decisive question, one which leads as surely to prayer as prayer at long last leads to God. Experience will teach the man who asks it that he will never be perfectly understood by other people, not even by those with whom he is in closest sympathy. Even his dearest friends will fail sometimes to see things as he sees them, or manifest surprise at some word or action which he feels to be necessitated by the very nature of his personality. He will discover that he in his turn fails to achieve a complete understanding of them. It is possible to have known and loved a man for a lifetime and yet to observe with a sudden shock some hitherto unsuspected facet of his character. But our self-knowledge is as partial and defective as our understanding of others. Again an d again in life a man surprises even himself. The trite remark that it is good for us to see ourselves as others see us is an admission that our self-knowledge is inevitably onesided and incomplete.Who really knows me through and through? No man sees and understands me whole and entire. The inner mystery of my being is not visible even to myself. I am driven back upon the fundamental truth that a created thing is perfectly understood only by its creator. The standpoint of the creator is the only one from which the whole truth can be seen. We understand best and most intimately what we have ourselves constructed. The poet is the best interpreter of his poem, the artist of his picture, the craftsman of his craft. Even so the whole truth about man is only visible to God. It is this frustration of mans desire for understanding and sympathy on the natural level that drives him to that supernatural intercourse with the God, to whom all hearts are open, all desires known and from whom no s ecrets are hid. Thou that hearest the prayer, unto Thee shall all flesh come.St. Paul is fired by the same thought as he reflects for a moment on the far-off goal of the life of prayer and cries out, Then shall I know even as already I am known (Ramsey 67). God already possesses a perfect knowledge and vision of man, and man, his appetite stimulated and desire kindled by this imperfect and one-sided intercourse, presses slowly forwards in his quest for a more adequate knowledge and vision of God.To pray is a great adventure for me, a launching out into the uncharted spiritual spaces which separate God and me. It is a costly adventure, demanding, like all worth-while enterprises, self-discipline and sacrifice. It is at this point that morality and goodness become plainly relevant to my life as prayer. For   me to live a Godcentred life, my own personal and moral perfection is not an end in itself. It is a means to the higher end of finding fellowship with God. I do not pray in orde r that I may succeed in living what is called a good life. Rather I strive to live a good life in order that I may pray. Such goodness as the Christian attains is not the central aim and purpose of my existence, dominating my thoughts and energies. It is a by-product of my quest for God. That is why the goodness of godly men is less selfconscious, more graceful and unassuming, than the goodness of the conscious man of morals.For me prayer not in its contractual and magic form, but in the mystic sense is in reality a contact and a fusion. It is through the power of prayer that the suppliant attains to momentary identification with the divine power supplicated. It has been observed that in the ancient religions of Egypt, Assyria, Phcenicia, and Greece, as well as in those of to-day, the supplicants in prayer have used gestures identical with those attributed to the deity. This has come to be interpreted, not as an imitation, but as a momentary projection and identification of the wo rshippers soul with the soul of God.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Thoreau, Franklin, and Byrd †Differences in skin color English Literature Essay

Thoreau, Franklin, and Byrd – Differences in skin color English Literature Essay Free Online Research Papers Thoreau, Franklin, and Byrd Differences in skin color English Literature Essay From the strong words of Thoreau in â€Å"Resistance to Civil Government† in which he claims he is unable to recognize a government that allows slavery, to the understanding words of Franklin concerning Native Americans. It is clear that many transcendentalist and early American authors called for the abolishment of slavery and the end of unfair treatment of Native Americans. However, the reading does give examples of those who have not progressed enough to view those with different color skin as being anymore then a farm hand or a savage. Benjamin Franklin’s statements in â€Å"Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America† leave no room for interpretation or negative judgment when looking at the lives or social structure of Native Americans. Even his opening line calls into question the prejudgments that correspond with most any reader who would find this work for the first time. His precise statement does not give room for someone to question the manners of Native Americans as he himself does not want to be questioned. This strong sense of understanding was probably cultured during Franklin’s many years over seas where he was the one looked down on for having a different idea of civility. William Apess, whom wrote â€Å"An Indian’s Looking-Glass for the White Man† pleads to Americans to look past skin color and look at principles. At the same time Apess tells the reader of those cruelties done to Native Americans and not to trust the judgment of others. He calls into question those who have claimed them to be unholy, or merely savages. Apess urges he readers not to hold a double standard for cruel behavior and for them wander out into these lands to decide for themselves who is causing problems. Apess also makes claim that it is the same God who created the white man and the Indian. He sees their abilities to be the same and should only be judged by God. This calls to a higher sense of morality in those people who are torturing and killing in the name of God. It calls to question their real motivation. For if they were attempting to show them the way of God they would not spread disease, famine, and death but rather they would teach those in need of help. Apess shows the reader that earthly wants and desire is the only real motivator for the destruction that white men have caused. In contrast to this strong sense of right there is William Byrd. From reading â€Å"The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover† you see that he is not a man seeking to uncover justice for his slaves. He is aware of their presence and shows concern if they are sick or unable to work. But not from the perspective of someone who has empathy but rather as a manager must keep his employees working in order to have production at its highest point. He does show the reader empathy for his wife and a solid understanding of her desires. So without a doubt his heart feels, but only through the strong filters that racism has created. The reading has shown many progressive thinkers who are not afraid to risk putting their name to works that threaten the very fabric of westward expansion and southern economy. Their strong convictions about right and wrong are still worth reading today. How great a place this country would truly be if America was able to see its people for their accomplishments and not their manners, skin color, origin, or sex. Research Papers on Thoreau, Franklin, and Byrd - Differences in skin color English Literature EssayMind TravelBook Review on The Autobiography of Malcolm X19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionComparison: Letter from Birmingham and CritoThe Masque of the Red Death Room meaningsWhere Wild and West MeetCapital PunishmentTrailblazing by Eric AndersonResearch Process Part One

Saturday, November 23, 2019

The Colorful History of Lipstick

The Colorful History of Lipstick Lipstick by definition is a cosmetic used to color lips, usually crayon-shaped and packaged in a tubular container. No individual inventor can be credited as the first to invent lipstick as it is an ancient invention, however, we can trace the history of the use of lipstick and credit individual inventors for creating certain formulas and methods of packaging. The First Lip Coloring The actual term lipstick wasnt first used until 1880, however, people were coloring their lips long before that date. Upper-class Mesopotamians applied crushed semi-precious jewels to their lips. Egyptians made a red dye for their lips from a combination of fucus-algin, iodine, and bromine mannite. Cleopatra was said to have used a mixture of crushed carmine beetles and ants to color her lips red. Many historians give credit to the ancient Arab cosmetologist, Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi for inventing the first solid lipsticks, which he described in his writings as perfumed sticks rolled and pressed in special molds. Innovations in Lipstick Packaging Historians note that the first cosmetic lipstick manufactured commercially (rather than homemade products) occurred around 1884. Parisian perfumers had begun to sell lip cosmetics to their customers. By the late 1890s, the Sears Roebuck catalog started to advertise and sell both lip and cheek rouge. Early lip cosmetics were not packaged in their familiar tubes that we see used today. Lip cosmetics were then wrapped in silk paper, placed in paper tubes, used tinted papers, or sold in small pots. Two inventors can be credited with inventing what we know as the tube of lipstick and made lipstick a portable item for women to carry. In 1915, Maurice Levy of the Scovil Manufacturing Company invented the metal tube container for lipstick, which had a small lever at the side of the tube that lowered and raised the lipstick. Levy called his invention the Levy Tube.In 1923, James Bruce Mason Jr. of Nashville, Tennessee patented the first swivel-up tube. Since then the Patent Office has issued countless patents for lipstick dispensers. Innovations in Lipstick Formulas Believe it or not, the formulas for making lipstick used to consist of such things as pigment powders, crushed insects, butter, beeswax, and olive oil. These early formulas would only last for a few hours before going rancid and often had ill effects on ones health. In 1927, French Chemist, Paul Baudercroux invented a formula he called Rouge Baiser, considered to be the first kiss-proof lipstick. Ironically, Rouge Baiser was so good at remaining on ones lips that it was banned from the marketplace after being considered too hard to remove. Years later in 1950, chemist Helen Bishop invented a new version of long-lasting lipstick called No-Smear Lipstick that was very successful commercially. Another element of lipstick formulas effects is the lipsticks finish. Max Factor invented lip gloss in the 1930s. Like much of his other cosmetics, Max Factor first invented lip gloss to be used on movie actors, however, it was soon worn by regular consumers

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Meticulous review of the professional life Essay

Meticulous review of the professional life - Essay Example This research will begin with the statement that the author’s professional biography is a less formal version of his professional information that would usually appear in his curriculum vitae, and it will highlight some of his interesting facts as well as a little of his personality. Generally, it will give the reader a precise account of who the researcher is, what he does as well as provide his expertise, credibility, experience, and background. All these components will help in developing trust in the author’s professional brand. The researcher’s biography will detail the factors that influenced his decision to become a nurse, his studying experience, his foundational achievements, and the general experience after author’s graduation and how it has affected his life. This will enable him to critically examine his professional needs, weaknesses, and strengths, which will help in correcting any mistakes and improving on his strong areas. The author grew u p in a caring family where all family members took care of each other regardless of their age. Furthermore, all members of his community collaborated in many activities, and the emotional attachment made sure that the author felt other people’s happiness or sadness. Cultural values are the enduring belief systems that a society commits to. The researcher’s culture adopted a collectivistic approach where personal loyalty to the community exceeded individual rights. This entailed that even health decisions were made by the family or the community.... Therefore, I decide to enroll for a nursing course to develop my cultural values and enable me to have the necessary skills to extend similar care and support to those that require it. Nurses must utilize a wide range of communication approaches, both verbal and non-verbal, in acquiring, interpreting and recording the knowledge and in understanding people’s needs. Thus, they must incorporate the beliefs and values in their communication with others. Furthermore, nurses must recognize the anxiety and distress in their patients and respond effectively through therapeutic principles. This ensures promotion of their well-being, management of personal safety and resolution of conflicts. Lastly, a nurse must know when to seek consultation from a third party and when to make referrals for arbitration, mediation, and advocacy (Nursing & Midwifery Council). Since I am a sociable and friendly individual I developed an interest in nursing as it would give me an avenue to interact, know a nd assist people. Saudi Arabia’s first formal nursing training, coordinated by the country’s Ministry of Health and World Health Organization, had male students only and admitted students with at least six years in elementary school for a one-year program. Eventually, with the progress in female education, the training was extended to a three year course and admissions were open to students who had completed nine years in elementary education. Saudi Arabia’s MOH then introduced a post-high school nursing training program alongside the post intermediate nursing training program. The continuous upgrading led to the introduction of Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in Nursing programs (KFSHRC). I enrolled for a

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Managing Motivation within an Union Setting Essay

Managing Motivation within an Union Setting - Essay Example Also I have tried identify the limitations of the existing practices and further improvements for betterment of work life were suggested. The study of the subject on problems faced by employees in a unionized environment and the need for motivation is of lot of relevance in the present industrial scenario. Especially in U.K where the entire economy of the country is often controlled by powerful unions who define the work approaches to be followed by organizations, often resulting in the slowing down of the economy (Thomas Turner, et al, 2002). Presently however the situation has improved slightly in U.K because of the strong influence of European markets on U.K. economy. Employment relations in U.K, were a victim of improper communication between the stake holders and the stake holders pursuing their own interests rather than the common industry interests. As a result the scene was chaotic and conflicts rose between the Union strongholds, managements of various organizations and the Government. It is almost impossible to single out any part to blame but collectively employment relations suffered greatly, as a result economic growth took the back seat and new employable areas almost vanished. When situation looked grim and almost impossible to repair dramatic changes took place. ... What brought such a sudden change in their attitude is proper dialogue and a establishment of a transparent communication among the stake holders. It is not that there is no communication system previously, They have learnt what are the communication barriers which are hampering the process and they have successfully removed them. In U.S however the situation varies greatly. Because of the difference in social culture and work culture and different work ethics the U.S never really required the presence of unions and hence their presence never really controlled the economy (Helene Mulholland et al, 2007) of U.S nor they had a telling effect in defining work ethics to the managements of organizations. Though unions are meant for supporting the employees cause because many times they are controlling the opportunities and growth opportunities of employees. The call of the day presently in job market is professionalism. Organizations have preferred and are doing so, people with a high degree of professionalism because they expect people with a high degree of professionalism to know their job well and seemingly their efficiency will be better than ordinary employees. Presently opportunities are a plenty for people of high professionalism. Job scenario the present is vastly different from the past in many ways and presently because of the variety and the huge number of opportunities existing employees are often changing their jobs, always on the lookout for a bigger fatter deal( Smitha Gupta & Manisha Agarwal et al, 2007). Previous concepts like safe employment and employee retention for a longer duration are taking backseat. Unions used to play a stellar role in the past to

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman Essay Example for Free

Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman Essay Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman, produced and published in 1949, still has a lasting effect today in the year 2001. The play which has won several awards and the Pulitzer prize, centers itself around a salesman and his family as they fight and sometimes struggle to make it big in this world. The play has been performed all over the world since its introduction in 1949, and it is still being performed and read in different languages and societies. The purpose of this paper is to show how Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman makes his American audience question their own lives and the society that they live in and why Miller would want the audience to question such ideas. Death of a Salesman is centered on Willy Loman who is a 63 years old salesman and has a wife named Linda and two sons, Biff and Happy. Arthur Miller creates the Loman family so that everyone in a way could relate to someone in the family in one-way or another. Many people in the late 1940s and the 1950s had lived through a very miserable depression, and it was during this time that the American Society and economy was changing as it was becoming more and more advanced technologically. Times were changing and the good old days such as the traveling salesman and other pastime occupations were being withered away. The American Society was changing in a way that people were becoming more and more materialistic and people would try to get to the top by any means. Arthur Miller tries to get the American Audience to question whether or not their new views on business and life as a whole are the right thing to do. Willy Loman was a father that instilled values into his two sons that you should win at any cost by the means of cheating, lying, and stealing. Willy made fun of the rather weak, his sons friend Bernard, who was a nerd at school, but latter became a lawyer trying out a case in front of the Supreme Court in Washington D.C., while his sons were still living in the past and amounted to nothing but useless, lying, womanizers, that couldnt hold a job. Willy Loman was a salesman that had worked for the same company for years and was fired by his bosss son because Willy had become too old at the age of 63. Willy had been loyal for so long, but was shown the door too easily. This is what Charley had to say about Willy at his funeral: Willy was a salesman; and for a salesman, there is no rock bottom to the life. He dont put a bolt to a nut, he dont tell you the law, or give you medicine. Hes a man way out there in the blue, riding on a smile and a shoeshine; and when they start not smiling back- boy, thats an earthquake.(Arthur Miller, The Death of a Salesman 138) Arthur Miller is provoking the American Audience to realize the struggles of Willy Loman the Salesman, but at the same time makes the audience reveal their own struggles and their neighbors struggles, as Willy Loman was no longer getting the smiles back. Willy Loman committed suicide because no one was smiling back any more. The once proud Willy Loman had quickly materialized to near nothing and his sons had done the same. The idea of success at all costs and human suffering presented in the play by Miller really make the audience self evaluate and contemplate themselves and the society that they live in, because these were some of the new views and ideas held by society in the late 1940s.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

Most Effective Form of Stretching :: essays research papers

The American College of Sports Medicine defined fitness in 1990 by stating that physical fitness is â€Å"a set of attributes that people have or achieve.† (Cited in Dalgleish et al 2001)   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  This set of attributes can be further defined as cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, motor skills and flexibility.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Cardiovascular fitness involves the heart and lungs supplying the required volume of oxygen to the working muscles.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Muscular endurance is the number of contractions or the length of time a muscle can contract before fatigue occurs.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Muscle strength is the maximum amount of force a muscle can generate in one contraction.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Motor skills is a general term, which covers co-ordination, speed, balance and power.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Flexibility is the range of motion (ROM) in a joint or in a series of joints. Flexibility is improved by stretching connective tissues, muscles and other soft tissue around a joint. Stretching exercises can be divided into different categories depending on the way the muscles and surrounding tissues are stretched. These forms of stretching are static stretching, dynamic stretching, ballistic stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). This report will define why athletes stretch and review current literature on each form of stretching and conclude from research which form is the most effective form of stretching. BENEFITS OF STRETCHING Stretching in sport was only used to warm athletes up before an event and cool them down after the event. Stretching was not used as a part of an athletes training programme until the benefits of stretching were recognised. Sigerseth (1971 cited in Elliot & Mester 1999) suggested that skilled performances could be improved by increasing the ROM around various joints. Performance can be improved due to stretching in three ways.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  If range of motion is increased especially in throwing and racquet sports, more force or velocity can be produced. This is possible as this increases in ROM allows the throwing distance to increase and longer period of time in which force can be produced. This results in the speed of the racquet, bat or object being increased, which allows a more powerful, throw, kick or hit to occur. Examples of sports where this occurs is tennis, cricket, baseball and golf. Jobe and Moynes (1986 cited in Elliot and Mester 1999) Studied golfers and found that the higher skilled golfers had twice the range of trunk rotation compared to golfers of lesser skill.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Athletes who compete in sports where performance is judged on the aesthetics

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Emily Dickinson Outline Essay

I. Emily Dickinson was an introvert who wrote poems about life, love and death. Dickinson showed her feelings of death and Desire using unusual scenario’s that cause the reader to stretch their thinking and go beyond superficial thought. Emily Dickinson uses imagery, Form, and settings in her poems in â€Å"I Heard a Fly Buzz when I Died† to set the tone of the poem. II. Dickinson uses imagery in â€Å"I Heard a Fly Buzz when I Died† to set the tone for this poem. A. Dickinson works hard and fast to give us a sense of what the atmosphere is like in this room. She wants to build up a sense of how quiet, calm, and stifling it is around this deathbed. Maybe everyone has experienced a death, so she compares the situation to another one that everyone might be more familiar with. B. We don’t actually get to see who else is in the room with the dying speaker, but she does help us out by telling us that there are â€Å"Eyes around.† This helps us to fill in the blanks of the scene. At first we just had a dying person and a fly, but now we can start to imagine the room where this is taking place, complete with crying onlookers. C. When it comes to this image of â€Å"the King.† She is referring to death itself, which runs the show. This could have a more specifically religious meaning. Such as reference to God or Jesus Dickinson’s lyric poem uses form, meter, and scheme to convey its tone, A. Trimeter and tetrameter iambic lines, four stresses in the first and third lines of each stanza, three in the second and fourth lines. A rhythmic insertion of the long dash to interrupt the meter; and an ABCB rhyme scheme. B. All the rhymes before the final stanza are half-rhymes (Room/Storm, firm/Room, be/Fly), while only the rhyme in the final stanza is a full rhyme (me/see). Dickinson uses this technique to build tension; a sense of true completion comes only with the speaker’s death. C. A lyric poem is a short, song like poem that expresses someone’s thoughts or feelings which by the end of the poem where death is quickly approaching you feel the tone is the poem. It was evident that the person dying had plenty of other things to think about but the buzz from the fly seem to distract them, all the way up to the point that the speaker could not see to see.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Dusk by Saki Essay

Another one of Saki’s dark tales, Dusk reveals the author’s ironic view of man’s infinite capacity for misunderstanding one another. Along the duration of the story, the protagonist, Gortsby, watches and observes people scurrying about at dusk, sitting at a park bench. Inwardly, he believes the people whom he observes looked defeated, and reciprocates dusk as a representation of the time of defeat for humans. The short story features an objective limited point of view, most of the characterization of Gortsby occurs through Saki’s pen on Gortsby’s thoughts. The character possesses a cynical view of the human state and has probably experienced some sort of defeat of his own – Saki never mentioned what sort of failure Gortsby was facing, the only information given was that he had no financial troubles. The story emphasizes on the misjudgement of character by Gortsby of the young male; the theme of the dysfunctions of a subjective mind is a rather importunate throughout. Saki shows this through a shift in Gortsby’s trust in the young lad. He was reluctant to believe in a stranger whose story seemed so plentiful at the beginning, but later surrenders to the boy’s mischief in trying to cheat Gortsby for money. Our protagonist not only gave the young boy money, but had also been transformed by the lie woven. He apologizes, â€Å"excuse my disbelief, but appearances were really rather against you†¦ † This shows how easily the human mind is swayed by external forces (in this case, Gortsby was influenced by the young lad’s lie), and the failures of Gortsby’s original claims of being an excellent judge of character when he was obviously unable to see through the young man’s lie. It was only moments later, the first old man returns to the bench, informing Gortsby that he was looking for his bar of soap; the soap of which Gortsby thought was the young man’s. The truth is finally appealed. However, Saki’s left a twist in the ending for readers to guess Gortsby’s reaction, an element of surprise is apparent. From the â€Å"cliff†, readers can presume to guess Gortsby had realized his misjudgement of character and would therefore recognize the dysfunctions of his overtly confident, self-assured judgmental mind.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Downfall of Affirmative Action essays

Downfall of Affirmative Action essays Affirmative action today, is considered to be one of the most controversial dilemmas facing our equal status of individual rights. As we all know, affirmative action was implemented with the idea and hope that America would finally become truly equal. So far, it has lasted for thirty years and has failed to solve any of our current problems concerning equal rights. Affirmative action was created with the intention of using reverse discrimination to solve the problem of discrimination. In that, in some cases minority groups are being chosen over other fully qualified workers who are not in the minority. This reversal of roles in racial discrimination does nothing but cause arguments and problems for both those for white males and those in the minority. Some arguments for affirmative action may be that for hundreds of years minorities were forced into servitude, and slavery by the white race, and now minorities are simply being repaid for all of those years of torture. In reality though, should men and women that have nothing to do with that oppression be forced to repay the minorities for their forefathers sufferings? Another counter argument to the abolition of affirmative action is that minorities for the most part are brought up in poor neighborhoods and therefore their education is not as good as most of the white people whose income level is higher and subsequently have better schools. Well if that is a reason for affirmative action why not make it to where all children, regardless of race, who are in the poorer communities reap the benefits of affirmative action. Education more than anything decides the potential for success in a persons life, and if most minorities are poor and need help then they should get it but poor whi te families should also receive those benefits. Despite the fact that affirmative action has some positive points that truly do contribute to society. It is still a fla...

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Former Cop Daniel Holtzclaw Sentenced to 263 Years

Former Cop Daniel Holtzclaw Sentenced to 263 Years In January 2016, former Oklahoma City police officer Daniel Holtzclaw was sentenced to 263 years in prison for the rape and sexual assault of 13 black women in 2013 and 2014. State prosecutors argued that Holtzclaw should serve his sentence consecutively, making the case that each survivor deserved to have justice for the individual crimes. Holtzclaw made a career of assaulting Black women motorists during traffic stops and other instances and then scared them many of them into silence. His victims- many of whom were poor and had prior records- were too afraid to come forward. A jury found Holtzclaw guilty on 18 out of 36 criminal charges, including three counts of procuring lewd exhibition, four counts of forcible oral sodomy, five counts of first and second-degree rape, and six counts of sexual battery in December 2015. The jury recommended that Holtzclaw serve 263 years in prison. Three of Holtzclaw’s victims delivered impact statements at the January 2016 sentencing hearing- including his youngest victim who was just 17 years old at the time of her assault. She told the court about the great damage she experienced, revealing the her life â€Å"has been upside down.† How Hotlzclaw Chose His Victims At least thirteen women came forward to accuse Holtzclaw of sexual assault. Many of the women had not reported the assault for fear of reprisals or fear-later confirmed by the jurys failure to find Holtzclaw guilty on all 36 of the criminal charges brought against him-that they would not be believed. At a preliminary hearing in the case, the 17-year old survivor explained her reasoning, â€Å"Who are they going to believe? It’s my word against his. He’s a police officer.† This notion of â€Å"he said, she said† is a fairly common argument used to discount sexual assault survivors. And when the accused is a person in a position of power, such as a police officer, it can be even harder for survivors to get due process. It was this very circumstance that Daniel Holtzclaw was counting on. He picked out very specific targets: women who were poor, Black, and who, in several cases, had run-ins with the police because of drugs and sex work. Because of their backgrounds these women would not make credible witnesses against him. He could act with impunity and never have to face any consequences because his victims were already considered guilty in the eyes of the law and society. A similar case happened in Baltimore, where poor Black women were targets of sexual assault: â€Å"20 women who filed a lawsuit against the Housing Authority of Baltimore City are splitting a settlement worth almost $8 million. The lawsuit alleged that maintenance workers at various housing complexes had demanded sexual favors from the women in exchange for receiving badly needed repairs on their units.† Again, these maintenance workers, not unlike Daniel Hotlzclaw, banked on these women being both desperate and untrustworthy.   They believed that they could rape women and not be held accountable. Daniel Hotlzclaw was disabused of this power when he pulled over the wrong the woman, however.   Jannie Ligons, a 57-year-old grandmother, also survived an encounter with Holtzclaw. She was the first woman to come forward. Unlike many of the other victims, she had a support system: she was supported by her daughters and her community. She helped lead the charge that prompted 12 other victims to come forward and speak truth to power. Whats Next? Holtzclaw’s attorney said he plans to appeal. However, the judge has previously denied Holtzclaws request for a new trial or an evidentiary hearing. Holtzclaw is currently in jail serving his 263-year sentence. Convictions for police in sexual assault cases are rare and hefty sentences are even rarer. Nevertheless, sexual misconduct within the police force is fairly common. Here’s hoping that Holtzclaw’s case will not be exception but rather the signal for a new era where police are held accountable for sexual violence.

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Ecology - research projects and Presentations Task - topic Desert Essay

Ecology - research projects and Presentations Task - topic Desert - Essay Example In some deserts, there are gold and granite fields, also exploited from time immemorial. The main economic resource of the deserts is in any case oil, with the richest fields being located in the Persian Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Iran). This rather small area contains 65% of the world’s oil resources; Saudi Arabia alone contains 25% and is therefore the country possessing the largest amounts of crude oil. Deserts have provided trade corridors from times immemorial through which goods and cultures travelled. Water-soluble salts, such as gypsum, borates, table salt, sodium and potassium nitrates have been historically a product of deserts. Because of their warm climate, deserts also export agricultural products, produced under irrigation, to non-desert areas. Agriculture and horticulture are already profitable in many deserts, as in Israel and Tunisia, and have great further potential. The growth of desert cities, clearly evidenced in industrial countries in the mid-twentieth century, has attracted the migration of non-desert people into desert habitats, drawn by new employment opportunities and the availability of cheap housing. In recent years, the influx of tourists to deserts, seeking the dry and sunny climate, has encouraged migration to deserts as well. Water or basically the lack of water is one of the most important desert features. Typically, deserts receive less than 508 millimeters (20 in.) of rain per year. This means that animals and plants looking to survive in the desert must be able to live with little water for extended periods of time Deserts have huge fluctuations in temperatures. Because there is little moisture, deserts lack the insulating protection of both humidity and cloud cover. A desert that is hot during the day may drop to well below zero degrees at night, once the heat of the sun has left.   Soil: The

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Free Agency is a Chimera Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Free Agency is a Chimera - Essay Example No loving mother ever set out to become an alcoholic of her own free will. Free will would dictate otherwise. Yet, she is driven down the road of addiction by forces outside herself and nudged along, not by free will, but by motives dictated by complex situations and self-serving self-defense. The drive toward self-defense can be demonstrated in man's overriding will of self-preservation. The belief in a soul serves to give hope that a part of us will survive our own death. Yet, man will go to the depths of human depravity in an attempt to insure self-preservation of the human body. Cannibalism, betrayal, and murder have all been witnessed when men have been faced with the death of their own body. If free agency existed, it would alter our actions in these cases and result in more acceptable behavior. Our actions are not driven by free agency but are the result of self-defense and the desire to gain advantage. We obey the law because it is to our advantage, not because we make a free choice to do so. In the complexity of decisions we are confronted with, the action we take is based on the force that pushes us down a path of maximum gain and minimum harm. Even the apparently selfless action of giving to charity is taken to provide the self with satisfaction.

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Critical Management Studies Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Critical Management Studies - Coursework Example Modern life, to a considerable extent, is governed by managerial or economistic approach whereby, in the context of business in organizations, the efficient allocation of resources takes precedence over humanistic or ethical concerns. In this respect, many public services are increasingly facing new forms of managerialism, while many aspects of socio-cultural activities are also being subjected to the same business, management, and economic perspectives. Over the years, narrow interests such as financial institutions have traditionally dominated research in business, management, and economics leading to biased theory of practice (Barratt 2011, p.110), which CMS has been countering; CMS is now a valid and vital aspect of the Business school curriculum, and is even visible in professional bodies for practitioners in business, management, and organization studies. The pervasive scepticism regarding the essence of the mainstream management ideas and practices have spurred the need to expand the field of management through research, to espouse alternative innovative ways of understanding management (Alvesson and Willmott 2012, p.5), instead of relying on the ineffective status quo, thus the emergence of Critical Management Studies. Overall, CRS often seeks to bring to fore the subtle workings of power while identifying and reforming the daily workplace practices that enforce injustices both in firms and in the society. CMS views the prevailing conceptions and forms of management as well as organization as unjustified and unsustainable (Alcadipani & Hodgson 2009, p.130), with a keen focus on the social injustice as well as the environmental destructiveness of the wider socio-economic systems that managers and specific firms serve and reproduce (Foster & Wiebe 2010, p.271). In this respect, it is not really the failures of individual managers or the poor management of specific firms that informs and motivates CMS,

Sunday, October 27, 2019

An Introduction To Banking In Nepal

An Introduction To Banking In Nepal Bank originally derived from the word Banco meaning Bench is termed as a financial institution which are established in order to provide financial services to its customers while helping the investors at the same time. (De Alberquque, M., 1855) These are licensed by the government so as to help in the monetary aspects of the country. In contrast to Nepal, generally Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) the central Bank of Nepal has divided into different groups and had licensed as per the limitations for the service. They are categorized as Commercial bank into Group A, Development banks B and similarly finance companies and credit unions to Group C Machhapuchchhre Bank Limited: An overview Machhapuchchhre Bank Limited (MBL) is legally registered as commercial bank in 1998 in Nepal. It started its banking services from western region of Nepal with its head office in Pokhara, Nepal. Having a slogan Service with personal touch, the bank now has expanded its business into various parts of Nepal. Companys profile: Mission and Corporate strategy: Machhapuchchhre Bank Limited (MBL) believes on the provision of the best services throughout different regions of Nepal to facilitate the customers with the extravagant banking services to their homes. The bank is also one of the modern banks with various modern technologies which of course make banking a revolutionary interest and great help. With its company slogan, the companys mission is to promote banking to different part of Nepal whether its hilly region or Terai or even mountains, MBL strives to facilitate the customers with fast, efficient and reliable service with personal touch as well as meeting the international standards at the same time. MBL believes to provide its full fledged banking service and had started its full fledged branch in the Jomsom located high up in mountains too. It has its corporate strategy of serving fast, efficient and reliable service to promote banking either by providing credits, deposits and even safe and fastest remittance. The bank has targeted to open 4 more branches in the year 2009/10 so as to provide service with personal touch. Mission and Vision chart: Mission statement of an organization is a formal written statement which guides the objectives and actions to be fulfilled. The mission statement serves the framework or context within which strategies are formulated (Hill Ch., Jones, G., 2008) The mission statement also gives guidelines of the actions and objectives to gain. G. Johnson, K. Scholes and R. Whittington defined mission as overriding purpose in line with values or expectation of stake holders.(Exploring corporate strategy, pp13) Vision statement of an organization is the future note where the company wants to be. G. Johnson, K. Scholes and R. Whittington defined vision as desired future state: the aspiration of the organisation (Exploring corporate strategy, pp13) Mission Statement To Serve customers with best, effective and efficient service in affordable rates and provide each and every service with personal touch. Vision Statement To be the top commercial bank with full fledged service all over Nepal and to be the No. 1 Bank of all year recognized by Nepal Rastra Bank Fig, 1 Mission and Vision chart of Machhapuchchhre Bank Limited Goals and Objectives: MBL possess a goal to be one of the popular and perfect service oriented bank rather than profit oriented one. MBL even had issued various plans and objectives to help in the increment of the services to its customers. In order to ease the banking service, MBL had planned to start telephone banking by which the clients can stay in touch with their financial transactions just a step away from phone. They even had prepared a goal to issue credit cards which some banks only have the service which can be said as another important goal and objectives to have a new turn in to banking. In addition, to broaden the service, MBL will be opening its 4 more branches very soon. The objectives of the bank can be analyzed to provide maximum services to the people in each and every part of Nepal. Organizational Structure, Stakeholders and Management: MBL is operated and managed by Chairman Mr. Surya Bahadur K.C., 6 board of directors and CEO Mr. Bhaikajee Shrestha (http://www.machbank.com) With approximate figure of 320 staffs all over the branches and head office, the company follows Line organization but the decisions making authority are being granted to the branch managers for their designated branch. Various decisions, plans and policies are being decided by board members and final approval is done by the chairman however day to day operational decisions are being approved by the CEO itself. Normally, the organization has all its delegation of power being centralized except day to day operational decisions apart from head office to the branch managers for their designated branch. Most of the stakeholders are the board of directors and some political bodies too but majority of the investments are done by the board of directors. Also some staffs occupy some value of the stakes as well. Chairman/Board of Directors Chief Executive Officer Fig. 2 Organization chart of Machhapuchchhre Bank Limited Business Profile: Products and Services: MBL provides various ranges of services to the customers. It is the pioneer in introducing the latest technology and to introduce the centralized banking software named GLOBUS BANKING SYSTEM developed by Temenos NV, Switzerland. Furthermore, MBL also provides internet banking, mobile banking, any branch banking, Trade Finance, Credits, ATMs (Automated Teller Machines), Remittance and various sort of deposits. The company is very sooner going to launch MBL credit cards and telephone banking as well. Also, MBL is the first bank in Nepal to provide PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) to its valued customers. Operational Performance: MBL overall has shown a good performance as per its unaudited financial reports of the year 2008/09. Over its past decades MBL has shown increment on profit as well as increment on its branches which of course shows that the company is doing well so far. At the end of fourth quarter, MBL had a net profit of 92M which shows that the company had numerous transactions throughout the whole quarter. (Source: Unaudited 4th quarter end (15/07/09) of the fiscal year 2008/09, http:// www.machbank.com) Market Position and Share: MBL overall have a good market value and goodwill at the same time. Currently the market value of the share is NPR 310.00 per share which shows a green light on the progress of the company. Also, the bank have got 31 branches till date and have its 10 upcoming branches to be opened which of course can be assumed as the market position of the company is good and doing well so far. (http://www.nepalstock.com, Nepal Stock Exchange as of closing price of 6th December 2009) Part 2: An analysis of the external and internal environment of the company examined above and competitive position of the company (1000 words) Every company is affected by its external and internal environment. These are the integral part of the companies itself. External environment can be described as a set of elements which are not the part of the organization but possess an influence upon the organization. The external environment may constitute of consumers, suppliers and competitors which have the direct effect on the organization whereas the indirect elements of external environment may be government, State of the economy, scientific and technical growth, socio-cultural events and laws and policies by the government. Hence, whatever is the new external environment, the organization has to cope up themselves. Similarly, internal environment can be termed as the environment within the organization itself. They may include employees, shareholders or stake holders etc. The internal environment can be modified or amended as the whole authority and rights are embedded on the organization itself apart from external one. Internal environment of the company: The internal factors can be analyzed by various models however the internal environment can be analyzed by using Lewis six factors model which describes the in-depth analysis of internal environment in context of MBL. Also, these factors give a broad idea of involvement of various departments in order to describe the internal environment of the company. IT (Information Technology): MBL uses a very advanced technology for the banking services. A new advanced technology called GLOBUS is being integrated in the company which provides best services in the banking field. It is also considered as the effective and powerful software which provides related backup services. The company also have its centralized information technology department which regularly looks ahead into develop new softwares and are alert 24 hours for any problems to occur. Also, the company have introduced V-Sat network for the branches which are in mountain regions as Mustang, Damak etc. Overall, we can say that the companys IT sector is very much advanced and is much more effective in banking environment. Management Capabilities: MBL have a team of capable employees working in various departments. They are well qualified and the bank also regularly conducts various training programmes so as to make their employees much more capable in any sort of situations. Also, the company organizes in house seminars so as to promote the employees knowledge much more. Because of its talented employees, the company is increasing its branches and is earning much more profit at the same time. The management is much more effective which is hence enabling the company to exist till now in the fierce competition of banking in Nepal. Finance: Finance is one of a very important aspect for any firm. Considering the financial status of MBL, it is growing day by day and earning much more profit. MBL earned around NPR 92 M at the fourth quarter end of year 2009 whereas corresponding earlier year of NPR 85M and is earning day by day. MBL have a good relation with the central bank even and can issue up more shares upon needed. Thus it can be analysed that the financial position of the bank is much more stable. Research and Development: MBL focuses on to the research and development of new aspects of banking and services to its prospective clients. The company has its own research and development department which focuses on to research new activities and to promote their services in to peoples. Because of the fierce competition in banking sector in Nepal, this department plays a vital role in to develop new schemes and new services to the clients apart from other banks. Also, the company invests good sum of money in to research and development of new services towards future perspectives. Marketing: Marketing can be defined as the management process that seeks to maximize returns to shareholders by developing relationships with valued customers and creating a competitive advantage. (Paliwoda, Stanley J, John K. Ryan, 2009). The company has its own marketing department which co-ordinates with research and development department. They both have the same motive in order to generate much more potentiality and increase its turnover in best services to the customers. Also, the department regularly dissolves in market to gather new ideas and concepts which by the research and development department makes research and develops new strategies. HR (Human Resources): MBL have another department which looks around human resources and administration of the company. MBL welcomes new generation to employ in the company and believes on equal opportunity for all. The department also administers and involves in to budgeting daily activities of the company. Also, HR department helps in to gather talented peoples and conducts various assessments among the employees in order to gain the best outcome of it. The internal environment of the MBL focuses on to its core components as per Lewis 6 factors model. Analyzing the model, we can illustrate that the internal components of the company is very much effective and plays an important role in determining the internal perspectives of MBL. External Environment of the company: External environment for MBL are generally customers, competitors, central banks policies and socio-cultural aspects. The external environment plays a vital role in determining the external status of the company. Normally, the external environment is uncontrollable but directly affects on the functioning of the company. The external environment of MBL can be picterised by using PESTLE analysis. The PESTLE analysis determines the political, economic, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental aspects which gives a clear picture of the external environment of the company. Political factors: Nepal is a country where political factors play a vital role in each and every industry. Because of the regular strikes, riots in the country many more industries are very much affected. In context to MBL, because of the political factors, the company is suffering a lot as they cant operate efficiently during strikes, riots and because of the regular change of the government, various rules and regulations are modified which hence creates a various problems in to the banking of the company especially in MBL. Economic factors: The economic situation of Nepal is always fluctuating. Because of it, the exchange rates of various currencies are changing on rapid basis. Also, because of the development of various banks in Nepal, customers have a high bargaining power in between the banks. This has affected MBL severely as the customers who are only on MBL are now diverted on to the other companies. Even because of the economy in Nepal, most of the people dont wish to invest money in to any projects and the ratios of consumer loans are decreasing because of the interest rates and the economy. Socio-cultural factors: MBL possess certain social responsibilities and are maintaining good as they are much more into providing good services to the customers. Also, the company invests certain amounts in to education for childrens and various governmental and non governmental activities. It has been a trend in Nepalese banking sector of investing funds into various programs for child welfare, transportation and various educational activities. Also, the company has various schemes for different age groups and also contributes for their personal growth especially for children. Technological factors: The banking sector of Nepal is following advanced technology in to serving new services to the customers. Various advanced programs are being organized in to gather new innovations in terms of banking of the company. MBL adopts advanced technology in to serve effective and accurate services to the customers. Also, the company even invests funds into its research and development department so as to launch new services in considering the needs of the current market. Legal factors: The banking of Nepal is regulated by Central Bank of Nepal (i.e. Nepal Rastra Bank) The central bank regulates various rules and regulations in order to constitute the proper banking services to the customers. The central bank regularly changes rules and regulations which hence make a vast confusions and time in order to adopt the new rules and regulations. Also, the legal factors of Nepal affect the proper functioning of the banking services in Nepal. Not only in context of MBL but overall banks in Nepal. Environmental factors: The environmental factors play a vital role in each and every organization. In terms of MBL, the environmental factors are generally attitudes of consumers, media and the government. Because of the reputation of MBL, various customers trust the company much more which is hence helping in to gain success in company. Also, media also helps the company in to promote their services towards the general public as by the investment towards the media sector as well as various other sectors too. Thus internal and external environment plays a vital role in determining the companys portfolio from inside and outside layer as well. In terms of MBL, we can demonstrate that the internal environment of the company is much more effective whereas the external environment is much more effected by various factors as these can hardly be controlled. Identification and evaluation of alternative strategies that would consist of corporate goals and objectives and select an appropriate future new strategy. Strategy is the mean by which objectives are achieved and pursued on time. According to Gavetti G and Jan Rivikin W Strategy is choice about what it chooses to do and not to do. MBL generally focuses into customer satisfaction and excellent service to their business clients. To increase more customer satisfaction and performance, MBL always strive to improve the performance by various methods and latest technology. To be the best service provider, MBL aims to open additional branches so as the banking service can be available readily anywhere any time. However, various alternative strategies can be discovered which will increase the customer satisfaction level and services at the same time. Ghemawat P. developed a model called AAA triangle which identifies three distinct types of strategy. They refer to adaptation, aggregation and arbitrage. Adaptation means to familiarize with new technology and environment and aims to maximize companys local relevance. This also boosts the revenues and market share by maximizing a firms local relevance by simply creating local units in each national market that do pretty good job carrying out all steps in the supply chain. (Ghemawat, P. 2007) This framework even focuses on to the company to develop its new image towards the new generation. Since, the world is changing day by day and is the new technology; the adaptation into new environment is a must. The another one is aggregation where a company tries to achieve economies of scale by developing new products and services by creating both local and global operations. It also attempts to deliver economies of scale by creating regional or sometimes global operations and involves standar dizing the product or service offering and grouping together the development and production process. The company also has to develop and introduce new products and services which reasonably have benefits upon everyone. Arbitrage means to locate and supply services in different parts. It is the exploitation of differences between national or regional markets, often by locating separate parts of the supply chain in different places. (Ghemawat, P. 2007) Thus as a future strategy, the company should now focus on to developing new products and services and enlarging its business. Fig 3.Ghemawats AAA triangle framework Another Strategy is BCG matrix developed by Boston Consulting Group. According to Kotlar (1996) BCG approach helps to classify a companys all SBUs according to the growth share matrix. It identifies firms strategic business units relating to its market share and market growth rate. The growth share matrix can be divided into four types as follows: Question Marks Star High Low High Dogs Cash cows Market Growth Low Market share Fig 4. Boston Consulting Groups BCG Matrix There are two axis which represents as Market Growth rate and Market Share. Each and every cell inside the matrix can be highlighted as follows: Stars: Stars are high market growth in relation to high market share. These are the pillars for each and every business. The stars in MBL are the deposits and loans and advances by which the company is able to make much more income. This requires much more investments as well and also increase in high market share and growth as well because if the company have more deposits and loans, the companys profit will increase subsequently. Cash Cows: Cash Cows are low growth in market but high market share. These require less investment but would affect in the market shares. In MBL, cash cows can be considered for Letter of Credits, guarantees which require less investment but would affect on the market shares. The cash cows dont necessarily effect the market growth as regards to stars. Question Marks: Question marks are low share business units in high market growth. The question marks are some aspects which the management should think in order to overcome it and turn into stars or cows. In MBL, the question marks can be market for cards (debit and credit cards) etc. The company should have special consideration in question marks. Dogs: Dogs are low growth in market with low share price. They may generate some amount of funds but doesnt make any guarantees on companys income. In MBL, Dogs are lockers departments etc. BCG Matrix gives a broad idea about the factors that are prevailing in a company which are giving much more profit or loss in terms of market group. This strategy could give the company an innovative idea about building or restructuring the business. Comparing both the strategies, MBL should adopt Ghemawats AAA triangle framework as this clearly matches to the organization goals and objectives to attain in future. The framework explains that to stabilize a product, there has to be an adaptation factors, aggregate it and arbitrage. MBLs target is to be the top commercial bank in Nepal and introduce new products and services which can only be possible if the company focuses on the framework. Also MBL should focus on the information flow to all the branches so as to properly stabilize the new services. Neilson, G., Martin K. and Powers E (2008) suggests that the enterprises fails at strategy execution because they go straight to structural reorganization and neglect the most powerful drivers of effectiveness-decision rights and information flow. Thus, before starting any new services or any new tasks, the company should gain its adaptation factor so that they could adopt in new environment easily. After adopting in the environment t he company also needs to increase its market into local and national markets to attain much more productivity. Thus we can see that if MBL adopts Ghemawats AAA triangle framework, the company would be able to attain its mission and vision that has been projected by them. This would increase the companys effectiveness on any tasks and would help them to gain much more success at the same time. Kim C W and Mauborgne R, Blue Ocean Strategy argues that companys performance is not necessarily determined by industries competitive environment. It argues that strategy can shape the structure and it is called reconstructions. They even add that instead of letting the environment define your strategy, craft a strategy that defines your environment. This highlights that rather than creating a strategy limited only in papers you will require to adopt to the environment, aggregate them towards the near future group and develop them in local or global market which is very much similar to what Ghemawat had proposed in his framework. Identify and develop outline time table and resources requirement to implement new strategy. Its very much obvious that to make each and every strategy successful, various resources and time tables are required. Proper dedication and knowledge will only be able to make a project successful. The strategy developed by Ghemawat as AAA triangle framework is something which I suggest to be adopted. The strategy Equal opportunities to every people financing in their needs and motivate into a new track would certainly help to start up banking into a new style and lead to a successful pathway. This strategy would develop an awareness and usage of the services to the maximum. Basically, new guidelines should be created for to make this strategy fruitful. A system where people can get financing easier should be initialized so as new business entrepreneurs could be able to start up their business with the banks help at the same time. Various job opportunities should be require generating up not specifically full time as initialization of part time or hourly job basis could be done so t hat maximum number of fresh graduates or unemployed people could get employment and in return the organization will be benefited by different ideas, opinions and new way of working. As Ghemawats AAA framework suggests Adaptation, Arbitrage and Aggregation, various resources should be allocated and new services to be launched as: Launching various deposits schemes targeting to students, old age peoples and children. Inauguration of old age cards, student card etc. which can be used in shopping centre, transportations etc. Launching online bill payments from their accounts via mobile. Use of Credit cards system elsewhere. Cash Deposits in any cash points or ATMs. Collaboration with educational institutions for banking services. Promotion of various NGOs, INGOs or programs to advertise them free of cost. More job opportunities to account holders, insurance benefits or easily loan availability facility. The time frame for this strategy entirely depends upon how fast the authority decides to start it up however if this new style of business could be adopted, major changes will occur and the profit will sky rocket like never happened so. Generally, the top level managers should require understanding the benefit of this strategy and how it could be implemented in short span of time. New concepts, ideas should be promoted which could cover the usual old style of banking as with the new age of development. Meanwhile, the experience of old peoples which new ideas and working style of modern age could be more helpful to boom the business and to have a look on to the business with different perspective. Meanwhile, the company could employ 30% of experienced old people and the rest with new and energetic peoples. This would certainly create up a milestone between old peoples experience and new peoples working efficiency. Furthermore, invitation or equal opportunities should be started so tha t the people who belong to lower community or of different age group could certainly use their efficiency to attain the same goal. Major functional departments should also be considered while discussing the time frame and the resources required adopting AAA triangle framework strategy as: HR (Human Resources)/Administration: This department should recruit new employees and should start up giving adequate trainings to its exisiting employees. The administration should also allocate various resources required for to start up new services. The time frame for this s Finance: The finance department should allocate budget required for the resources and new projects. IT (Information Technology): This is a primary essence as without new technology new services cant be launched in todays computer generation. Marketing/Research and Development: Various researches should be conducted prior making decisions and hence publicity of services should be done at the same time. Therefore, summarizing the all we can analyze that the materials that are required for to implement the new strategy are time consideration, additional opportunities in various field, change of working system, Focus on to new peoples or modern age groups and also consideration in the new technology. These sort of materials could certainly help in to implement the new strategy successfully and to start up the new perfection on to the business however new understanding and far sightedness upon these should be developed at the beginning before proceeding ahead with these materials. Also the time factor should be considered as well so that the strategy could be implemented on the right time. Furthermore, it can also be said that success entirely depends upon opportunities and hard work, hence to be more successful, an individual should be able to do hard work and the company should be able to create new opportunities. Then only the strategies could really show up some colors on the devel opment and growth of the company.